ARHEOLOGIE

THE NORTHERN NECROPOLIS OF APULUM. “AMBULANCE STATION” 1981–1985

George Valentin Bounegru

carte
ISBN 978-606-543-935-1
Anul apariției: 2017
Format: A4
Nr. pagini: 207
Copertă cartonată
Preț: 65 lei

CUPRINS FOREWORD 7 ARGUMENT 9 I. FUNERARY RITES AND RITUALS IN THE ROMAN WORLD 11 II. APULUM. GEOGRAPHICAL SETTING 17 III. EARLY BEGINNINGS OF URBAN LIFE AT APULUM 19 IV. HISTORY OF RESEARCH IN THE NORTHERN CEMETERY 27 IV.1. The 1981–1985 excavation results (authors: George Bounegru, Gheorghe Anghel, Ioan Alexandru Aldea, Cloșca L. Băluță, Radu Ciobanu, Horia Ciugudean, Vasile Moga, Alexandru Popa, Ioan Șerban) 28 IV.2. Recent research in the northern cemetery 30 V. FUNERARY RITES 33 V.1. Cremation graves 34 V.1.1. Ustrinum cremations 35 V.1.2. Bustum cremations 36 V.2. Inhumations 37 VI. GRAVE GOODS 39 VI.1. Notes on coinage deposition in graves 40 VI.2. Food offerings 44 VI.2.1. Pottery 45 VI.2.1.1.Wares for liquids 46 VI.2.1.2.Vessels for half-liquid or solid foods 50 VI.2.1.3. Ritual vessels 51 VI.2.2. Conclusions on pottery grave goods 53 VI.3. Lamps (lucernae) 54 VI.4. Terracota/ Toys 55 VI.5. Adornment objects and dress accessories 56 VI.5.1. Hairpins (aci crinali/ comatoria) 56 VI.5.2. Brooches 58 VI.5.3. Beads 63 VI.5.4. Pendants, amulets (amuletum). 64 VI.5.5. Bracelets 67 VI.5.6. Rings (anulae) 68 VI.5.7. Earrings (inaures) 70 VI. 6. Pieces of military equipment 71 VI.6.1. Cingulum hooks 73 VI.6.2. Cingulum buttons 74 VI.6.3. Appliques 75 VI.6.4. Strap end fittings 76 VI.6.5. Shield boss 76 VI.7. Iron objects 78 VI.7.1. Iron key (clavus) 78 VI.7.2. Knives 79 VI.8. Glass objects 81 VII. MONUMENTS 85 Stone sarcophagi 87 Monument fragments 87 VIII. CONCLUSIONS REGARDING THE FUNERARY RITES AND RITUALS IN THE NORTHERN CEMETERY AT APULUM, WITH EMPHASIS ON THE 1981–1985 EXCAVATION CAMPAIGNS 89 APPENDIX 1: CATALOGUE OF GRAVES (authors: George Bounegru, Gheorghe Anghel, Ioan Alexandru Aldea, Cloșca L. Băluță, Radu Ciobanu, Horia Ciugudean, Vasile Moga, Alexandru Popa, Ioan Șerban) 99 APPENDIX 2: LATE ROMAN ARTIFACTS FOUND IN THE STRATUM OR IN LATE CONTEXTS 123 APPENDIX 3: CATALOGUE OF THE MONUMENTS FOUND IN THE 1981–1985 CAMPAIGNS 127 APPENDIX 4: IDENTIFIED COINS 131 ABBREVIATIONS: 133 BIBLIOGRAPHY: 135 INDEX 147 REZUMAT 153 EXPLANATION OF PLATES 159 PLATES 161