ARTĂ ŞI ISTORIA ARTEI

MEDIEVAL WALL PAINTINGS IN TRANSYLVANIAN ORTHODOX CHURCHES.
ICONOGRAPHIC SUBJECTS IN HISTORICAL CONTEXT

Elena Dana Prioteasa

carte
ISBN 978-606-543-780-7
Anul apariției: 2016
Format: 21 x 27 cm
Nr. pagini: 376
Copertă cartonată
Preț: 140 lei

“[...] The research started from the premise that at least some of the wall paintings reflect the special social, political, and religious situation of the donors as knezes and Orthodox (Greek-rite) Christians in the Hungarian kingdom. Topics have been selected from the paintings of eight churches: the church of St. George in Streisângeorgiu (Hu. Sztrigyszentgyörgy), the church of the Dormition of the Virgin in Strei (Hu. Zeykfalva), the church of St. Nicholas in Densuș (Hu. Demsus), the church of St. Nicholas in Leșnic (Hu. Lesnyek/Lesnek), the Reformed church in Sântămăria Orlea (Hu. Őraljaboldogfalva), the church of the Dormition of the Virgin in Crișcior (Hu. Kristyor), the church of St. Nicholas in Ribița (Hu. Ribice), and the church of the Dormition of the Virgin in Hălmagiu (Hu. Nagyhalmágy). The churches were situated in two neighboring medieval counties – Hunyad, in the Transylvanian voivodate, and Zaránd – and the paintings date from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The investigation is limited to Hunyad and Zaránd Counties, where the main body of medieval wall paintings in Orthodox churches has been preserved. In addition, the historical background of the donors is comparable in both regions. The pictorial subjects that have been selected for research are interpreted in relation to their social, political, and religious context. The study of the donor portraits, military saints, holy kings of Hungary, and the Exaltation of the Holy Cross focuses on their relevance for the social and political life of the knezes. The study of the paintings in the sanctuaries mainly sheds light on aspects of the religious life of the donors or local communities. The images are analyzed taking into account the use and meaning of their subjects in Eastern and Western, particularly Hungarian, painting, and the available information regarding their historical context. While indeed the pictorial message may be understood only through its historical background, the paintings themselves can also suggest new directions for research or favor a particular interpretation suggested by other types of sources.” (from “Introduction”)


CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

1. THE SOCIAL, POLITICAL, AND RELIGIOUS LIFE OF THE ROMANIANS IN LATE MEDIEVAL HUNGARY
1.1. The Romanian Elite in Fourteenth- and Fifteenth-Century Hungary: Social and Political Aspects
1.2. Church History
1.2.1. The Latin Church and the Romanians
1.2.2. The Orthodox Church and the Romanians

2. HISTORICAL DATA ON THE RESEARCHED CHURCHES AND THEIR DONORS

3. LAY PORTRAITS AND INSCRIPTIONS
3.1. Ribița
3.2. Crișcior
3.3. Streisângeorgiu
3.4. Leșnic
3.5. Densuș
3.6. Hălmagiu
3.7. Strei
3.8. Sântămăria Orlea
3.9. Conclusion

4. THE MILITARY SAINTS

5. THE HOLY KINGS OF HUNGARY

6. THE EXALTATION OF THE HOLY CROSS
6.1. Description of the Paintings in the Churches at Ribița and Crișcior
6.2. Saints Constantine and Helena, the Exaltation, and the Finding of the Holy Cross in the Byzantine Tradition
6.3. Constantine, Helena, and the Legend of the Holy Cross in the West
6.4. Constantine, Helena, and the Legend of the Holy Cross in Wall Paintings in Medieval Hungary
6.5. Interpreting the Paintings at Ribița and Crișcior
Table 1

7. ORTHODOXY OF FAITH, THE GREEK RITE, AND THE LATIN CHURCH IN THE PAINTINGS
AT HĂLMAGIU AND RIBIȚA

8. SAINTS BARTHOLOMEW AND THOMAS IN THE CHURCHES AT HĂLMAGIU AND DENSUȘ

CONCLUSION

CATALOG OF CHURCHES
Crișcior (Hunedoara County)
Densuș (Hunedoara County)
Hălmagiu (Arad County)
Leșnic (Hunedoara County)
Ribița (Hunedoara County)
Sântămăria Orlea (Hunedoara County)
Strei (Hunedoara County)
Streisângeorgiu (Hunedoara County)

ABBREVIATIONS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
MAP
INDEX
ILLUSTRATIONS