Coordinateurs: Andrada Fătu-Tutoveanu, Sanda Cordoş

ISSN 1582-960X (RO);
ISBN 2-905725-06-0 (FR)
Anul apariției: 0
Nr. pagini: 0

The demise of Communism remains an important research topic for Human and Social Sciences. Twenty years on, with the benefit of hindsight, research on the phenomenon has been enriched, its instruments refined to respond to the complexity of the concepts involved as well as to the critical and theoretical approaches in circulation. These are now applied to a field of investigation enriched by the publication of new documents and testimonies, as well as by the opening of document archives inaccessible until recently. Building on the topic of boundary negotiation within communism, this issue of Echinox Journal reunites several generations of researchers from various European countries, applying different perspectives on a phenomenon characterised by the complexity of a whole “continent”. It is a continent possessing a typical geography and therefore making necessary a good mapping at all levels: historical, political, social, psychological, cultural and literary. We do not claim having achieved such a map, but do believe that this issue of Echinox Journal can provide a series of suggestions and keys perhaps landmarks, useful for a reader interested in (re)visiting the complex topic of Communism.
In designing this volume, we started from the idea of “boundary”, imposition or limit, as one of the main realities of a totalitarian regime, at work at all social and cultural levels of the Eastern European societies. The symbolical boundary (a sort of imaginary “wire fencing”) was present in all walks of life, from the closed geographical borders to the ideological restrictions enforced upon culture and literature (as a new, ideologically imposed “canon”). Professional and even private life was subject to various boundaries (from the freedom of speech to the controlled distribution of workplaces, houses, food, everyday items and so on). The system was the only one to decide which the accepted limits were, be they in everyday life, legislation, culture, press, education or art. This issue of Echinox Journal investigates therefore the manner in which the idea of boundary, totalitarian imposition or limitation is perceived by post-communist research today, especially by a new generation, as the volume features contributions signed mainly by researchers specialised after 1989 and who thus recover and try to make sense of – in many papers through direct access to recently open official archives – an important part of their countries’ history (but also history of literature or social history), benefiting from the current framework of research, the new means and perspectives. (Andrada Fătu-Tutoveanu)


Sanda Cordoş & Andrada Fătu- Tutoveanu, Foreword: Negotiating Communist Boundaries

Life and Culture under Siege/ La vie et la culture en état de siège
Manuela Marin, The Limits of the Romanian Communist Propaganda: The Case of People’s Letters
Mara Mărginean, Importing words to build a city: socialist modernization of Hunedoara between architects’ designs and politicians’ projects, 1950-1951
Alina Bîrsan, « Résistance » et « résilience » du sujet ordinaire dans le contexte totalitaire communiste roumain. Déclinaisons du politique à l’épreuve de la psychologie clinique
Cătălina Mihalache, Between Punishment and Reward: Pupils` Families in the Service of the Communist Education
Alexandru Câmpeanu, Soviet Style Modernization of the Romanian Villages (1948 – 1962)
Corneliu Pintilescu, La légalité socialiste et les dilemmes de la répression politique. Du modèle soviétique aux démocraties populaires
François Ruegg, La culture en état de siège en Europe. Avec la fin du communisme, l’avènement annoncé d’une pensée européenne unique et rentable
Cristina Spinei, Dimensionen der politischen Kultur Rumäniens: Bürgerbewusstsein oder Fluchtpunkt?
Alexandru Matei, Est-ce qu’on peut parler d’une esthétique du communisme?

Escaping Communist Boundaries/ Échapper aux confins communistes

Andi Mihalache, Escaping from the Communist Public Life: Objects, Décors, Recollections
Corina Boldeanu, Transgresser la censure communiste à travers l’ironie poétique
Rodica Ilie, Matei Călinescu’s The Life and Opinions of Zacharias Lichter or the Silent Path of Liberty
Alain Vuillemin, La dénonciation du communisme en Union Soviétique, entre les deux guerres mondiales, en France, par des intellectuels est- et centre-européens d’expression française

Cultural Policies and Literature: Negotiating Boundaries/ Politiques Culturelles et Littérature: Négociation des restrictions

Caius Dobrescu, Legends of the Inner Frontier. Consciousness in the Romanian Literature of the post-Stalin Era: 1960-1989
Sanda Cordoş, La littérature roumaine d’après-guerre. Limites, privilèges, fonctions
Réka M. Cristian, Peripheral Thrones: Negotiating Borders in Contemporary Croatian Women’s Prose
Anna Spólna, Boundaries of Creative Freedom in Social Realist Mourning Poetry: Threnodies on Stalin’s Death Published in Polish Press
Andrada Fătu-Tutoveanu, Negotiating the Communist Ideological “Canon” – A Case Study: Petru Dumitriu (1948-1953)
David Bandelj, The Open or Close Character of the Slovenian Western Border, Based on Three Writers: Pahor – Rebula – Kocbek
Ileana Alexandra Orlich, Communist Totalitarianism in Solzhenitsyn’s Fiction
Mihaela Rogozan, Spuren der Grenze in Herta Müllers Diskurs des Alleinseins
Delia Cotârlea, Kulturpoltik und Literatur zwischen 1965-1975 an Hand der deutschsprachigen Zeitschrift aus Rumänien Volk und Kultur
Andrei Bodiu, Communist Censorhip and Romanian Poetry of the 1980s
Carmen Elisabeth Puchianu, Vom Schreiben in der Mausefalle. Zur eigenen Lyrik und Prosa der späten 80er Jahre im Kontext der Diktatur. Eine (selbst)kritische Retrospektive
Olga Grădinaru, The Child Character and the Positive Hero in the Soviet Prose of the Second World War
Mihaela Lovin, The Cherry Orchard in Soviet Rereading
Elena Butuşină, The Little Grey Wolf Will Come to Heal the Wounds of the Red Era

Final Escape: Eastern Europe after 1989/ L’échappée finale: L’Europe d’Est après 1989

Ruxandra Cesereanu, The Romanian Anticommunist Revolution and the “Terrorists” of December 1989
Patricia Goletz, The transformation process and current problems of the Nation’s Memory Institute of Slovakia (Bratislava)
Ion Manolescu, Erasing the Identity of the Past. Effects of the “Systematization” Process in Nicolae Ceausescu’s Communist Romania
Vlad Navitski, To End History: What the Leftists’ Experience Can Tell Us about the Contemporary World
Alin Rus, Romanian Or Moldovan Language? Language as an Artificial Boundary among the Inhabitants of a New State