ARHEOLOGIE

MIGRATION PERIOD AND EARLY MEDIEVAL CEMETERIES AT FÂNTÂNELE (BISTRIȚA-NĂSĂUD COUNTY)
(SERIA PATRIMONIUM ARCHAEOLOGICUM TRANSYLVANICUM. 5)

Autori: Alpár Dobos, Coriolan Horaţiu Opreanu
With contributions of: Szilárd Sándor Gál, Eszter Horváth

carte
ISBN 978-606-543-259-8
Anul apariției: 2012
Format: A4
Nr. pagini: 158
Copertă cartonată
Preț: 50 lei

“Starting with the early 1970s Fântânele (Bistrița-Năsăud County) has been a well-known site in the archaeological literature referring to the Migration Period and Early Middle Ages in Transylvania. Although the excavations carried out on the hill called Dealul Popii or Dâmbul Popii by the research team lead by Ion Horaţiu Crişan have never been published exhaustively, the site was included in several synthesis works on the topic of the archaeological material from Transylvania belonging to the Migration Period, respectively to the 6th–7th centuries. The main goal of the present volume is to fill this gap by publishing all the known data regarding the mentioned discoveries based on the original documentation (written and drawn record) on one hand, and on the grave-goods identified with a few exceptions in the Institute of Archaeology and Art History, Cluj-Napoca, on the other hand.” (Foreword)


CONTENTS


Foreword

I. Introduction

II. The graves from the Migration Period
II.1. Burial customs
II.1.1. Orientation
II.1.2. Dimensions, depth, and shape of the graves
II.1.3. Animal graves
II.2. Analysis of grave-goods
II.2.1. Grave 1 VWZ
II.2.2. Pit 3
II.2.3. Grave 1
II.2.4. Grave 4
II.3. Chronology

III. The Early Medieval Cemetery
III.1. The structure of the cemetery
III.2. The population
III.3. Later interventions
III.4. Burial customs
III.4.1. Orientation
III.4.2. The graves
III.4.2.1. Dimensions, depth, and shape of the graves
III.4.2.2. Interior structures
III.4.3. The position of the skeletons
III.4.4. Double burials (?)
III.4.5. Coffins
III.4.6. Animal bones
III.4.6.1. Animal bones in human graves
III.4.6.2. Animal grave
III.4.6.3. Contexts 20 and 39
III.4.7. Empty graves
III.5. Analysis of grave-goods
III.5.1. Personal ornaments and jewellery
III.5.1.1. Earrings
III.5.1.2. Beads
III.5.1.3. Buckles and belt accessories
III.5.1.4. Leg garters (‘Wadenbindengarnituren’)
III.5.2. Weapons and weapon accessories
III.5.2.1. Spearheads
III.5.2.2. Arrowheads
III.5.2.3. Shield-boss
III.5.2.4. Pyramidal strap-retainer
III.5.3. Tools
III.5.3.1. Knives
III.5.3.2. Scissors
III.5.3.3. Spindle-whorl
III.5.4. Other objects
III.5.5. Pottery
III.5.5.1. Wheel-thrown pottery
III.5.5.2. Hand-made pottery
III.6. Chronology

IV. Conclusions

V. Catalogue of graves
References

Appendix 1. Osteological analysis of human remains (by Szilárd Sándor Gál)

Appendix 2. Optical microscope investigation of the glass finds discovered at Fântânele (by Eszter Horváth)

Abbreviations

Plates